غرضیکہ ہر ہلکی سے ہلکی اور بھاری سے بھاری چیز جسکو آپ دیکھ سکتے ہیں اور چھو سکتے ہیں ایٹموں سے مل کر بنی ہے۔ یہ اخبار جو آپکے ہاتھ میں ہے یہ بھی کھربوں ایٹموں پر مشتمل ہے۔ ایٹم اتنے چھوٹے ذرات ہیں کہ ان کو انتہائی طاقتور قسم کی خوردبین سے دیکھنا بھی ناممکن ہے۔ ایک انسان کے لئے ایٹم کی جسامت کا تصور ذہن میں لانا ناممکن ہے، چناچہ ہم اسکو ایک مثال کی مدد سے سمجھتے ہیں۔تصور کریں کہ آپ کے ہاتھ میں ایک چابی ہے۔ بلا شبہ آپ چابی میں موجود ایٹم کے ذرات کو نہیں دیکھ سکتے۔ اگر آپ دیکھنا چاھیں تو اس کے لئے آپ کو چابی کو اس کی اصل جسامت سے کئی گنا بڑا کر کے دیکھنا ہوگا۔ اگر آپ کے ہاتھ میں موجود چابی اتنی بڑی ہو جائے جتنی بڑی ہماری یہ زمین ہے تو تب آپ کو چابی کے اندر موجود ایٹم کے ذرات ایک چیری جتنے بڑے نظر آئیں گے۔ ہر ایٹم ایک نیوکلئیس (مرکزے) اور الیکٹرانوں سے مل کر بنا ہوتا ہے۔ الیکٹران نیوکلئیس سے کافی دور اپنے مداروں میں حرکت کر رہے ہوتے ہیں۔ نیوکلئیس ایٹم کے ٹھیک درمیان میں واقع ہوتا ہے اور یہ کئی پروٹانوں اور نیوٹرانوں پر مشتمل ہوتا ہے۔پروٹانوں اور نیوٹرانوں کی تعداد کا انحصار ایٹم کی خصوصیات پر ہوتا ہے۔ نیوکلئیس کا نصف قطر پورے ایٹم کے نصف قطر کا دس ہزارواں حصہ ہوتا ہے۔ جب ہم چابی کو زمین جتنا بڑا کرنے کا تصور کرتے ہیں تو اسوقت ایک ایٹم ایک چیری کی جسامت کا ہوتا ہے لیکن یہ تصور بھی نتیجہ خیز ثابت نہیں ھوتاکیونکہ اسوقت بھی ہمارے لئے نیوکلئیس کو دیکھنا قطعی ناممکن ہے۔ کیونکہ ہم اب بھی نیوکلئیس کی وسعت (جسے باریکی کہنا زیادہ مناسب ہوگا)کا تصور ذہن میں نہیں لا سکتے اس لئے اب ہم کو اپنا پیمانہ دوبارہ بدلنا ہوگا۔ اگر اب یہ چیری جو ایک ایٹم کی نمائندگی کر رہی ہے ،اس کو بڑا کر کہ ایک فٹبال کی جسامت کا کر دیں جسکا قطر 200 m ہو تو اس ناقابل یقین پیمانے پر بھی نیوکلئیس ایک گرد کے ذرے سے زیادہ بڑا نہیں ہوگا۔ لیکن ایک بات جو ان تمام باتوں سے زیادہ حیرت انگیز ہے وہ یہ ہے کہ اگرچہ نیو کلئیس کی جسامت ایٹم کی جسامت کا دس بلینواں حصہ ہے، اسکی کمیت (mass) ایٹم کی کل کمیت کا 99.95 % ہے۔ کیسی حیران کن بات ہے کہ ایک شے ایک طرف تو کمیت کا تقریباً سارا حصہ ہے اور دوسری طرف نہ ہونے کے برابر جگہ گھیرتی ہے۔ اسکی وجہ یہ ہے کے ایٹم کی کمیت ایٹم کے اندر مساوی طریقے سے تقسیم نہیں ہے اور ایٹم کی ساری کمیت ایٹم کے نیوکلئیس کے اندر جمع ہے۔اسکی مثال یوں لیں کہ آپ کے پاس دس بلین مربع فٹ کا ایک گھر ہے اور آپ نے گھر کا تمام فرنیچر ایک مربع فٹ کے صرف ایک کمرے میں رکھنا ہے۔ کیا آپ ایسا کر سکتے ہیں؟ یقیناًآپ کے لئے ایسا کرنا نا ممکن ہے۔ فی الواقع ایٹم کا نیوکلئیس ایک بے پناہ طاقت کی وجہ سے ایسا کرنے پر قادر ہے۔ یہ نیوکلیائی طاقت ہے اور اس جیسی کوئی طاقت کائنات میں موجود نہیں۔ نیوکلیائی طاقت کائنات میں موجود چار بنیادی طاقتوں میں سے ایک ہے۔ جب ہم ایٹم کی جسامت اور کائنات میں موجود ایٹموں کی تعداد پر غور کرتے ہیں تو ہم اس بات پر غور کئے بغیر نہیں رہ سکتے کہ اس سارے قضیے میں ایک اعلیٰ قسم کا توازن اور منصوبہ بندی کارفرما ہے۔یہ بات روزِروشن کی طرح عیاں ہے کہ کائنات کی بنیادی طاقتیں نہایت دانائی اور ایک خاص طریقے سے تخلیق کی گئیں۔ جو لوگ اس حقیقت کو رد کرتے ہیں انکے پاس کہنے کو اس کے سوا کچھ نہیں کہ یہ سب اتفاق کے کھیل ہیں۔ معاشیات میں امکانات کے حساب کتاب (Probabilistic Calculations) نے سائنسی طریقے سے یہ بات ثابت کی کہ کائنات میں اتفاقیہ توازن پیدا ہو جانے کا امکان صفر ہے۔ یہ تمام چیزیں تو خدا کے وجود اور اسکی تخلیقات کے کامل ہونے کے واضح شواھد ہیں۔ ’’۔۔۔میرے خدا کا علم ہر شے سے وسیع تر ہے تو کیا تم اس پر غور نہیں کرتے؟ ‘‘ (سورۃالاانعام.80)

 

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The Realism in Dreams

Posted: March 29, 2011 in General
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Dream

We do not actually speak with anyone in our dreams. We see no-one, and our eyes are closed. We neither run, nor walk. No monsters frighten and chase us, no green and spacious lawns spread out before us. There are no skyscrapers we are scared to look down from or crowds of people. In the face of all these images, we are, in fact, alone in bed. The loud noises from the crowds we imagine to be surrounding us, never in fact reach into our silent room.

When we imagine ourselves to be running very fast, we are not in fact moving at all. When we imagine ourselves to be having a heated discussion with someone, we do not in fact even open our mouths. Yet during dreaming, we experience all these things very vividly. The people around us, our surroundings and the things we experience are so realistic that we never imagine that these things are actually part of our dream.

 

We may even dream of being hit by a car and receive a very clear impression of the pains that result. We truly feel the fear we experience as the car approaches, it speeds toward us, and the moment of impact. We have no doubt as to the reality of these sensations. This is all experienced solely in our minds. Yet we do not realize that this is the case. Even if we are told—in the dream—that we are actually dreaming, we completely discount the possibility and are utterly convinced of the reality of the dream world we are inhabiting. We have all the same physical experiences as when we are awake. No evidence might require us to suspect that we are, in fact, dreaming.

Dreaming is a powerful example demonstrating that the external world for us is in fact a perception. In the same way that someone dreaming has no doubt that his surroundings are real, so it is very difficult to be convinced that the reality of what we refer to as “the real world” is only in our minds. Yet how we perceive the images we call “real life” is exactly the same as how we experience dreams. Both images form in the mind. We have no doubt as to the reality of either set of images as we observe them. Yet we do have proof that dreams are not real. When we awaken, we say, “It was all just a dream.” So how can we prove that we are not dreaming at this very moment?

Allah imparts this truth in His verses:

The Trumpet will be blown and at once they will be sliding from their graves towards their Lord. They will say, “Alas for us! Who has raised us from our resting-place? This is what the All-Merciful promised us. The Messengers were telling the truth.” (Surah Ya Sin, 51-52)

The proof of this at this moment is the scientifically imparted evidence. In this case, the moment that we’ll wake up from the dream will be when we depart from this earthly life. So the right thing to do is to regard this world as mere illusion for us, as something we experience in the mind, and behave accordingly.

Réné Descartes describes the realism of dreams as follows:

I dream of doing this or that, going here or there; but when I awake I realize that I have done nothing, that I have been nowhere, but have been lying quietly in bed. Who can guarantee that I am not dreaming now, or that even my entire life is not a dream? 1

Never, of course, can we guarantee that the people around us, or even the life we are experiencing at this moment, are not a dream. When we dream, we can touch a piece of ice and perceive its cold wetness and transparency in a perfect form. When we smell a rose, we perceive its unique scent in an equally flawless manner. The reason is that the same processes take place in our brains when we really smell a rose or only dream that we are doing so.

That being so, we can never know when we are experiencing the true image and perfume of a rose. In fact, we never have direct experience of a real rose in either case, and in either event. Neither the image nor the perfume of the rose are anywhere in our brains. Therefore, neither case represents reality.

If someone is aware that he’s dreaming, he will not be frightened by a car approaching, will realize that the goods and money he acquires are transitory, and will harbor no greed for them. He knows that there is a real world outside the dream one. Therefore, his surroundings are of no importance or value to anyone who knows he is dreaming.

This also applies to the period we refer to as “real life.” For someone who knows that this life is not real, that it is presented merely in the form of perceptions, nothing he experiences in connection with this “real” world is of any importance. Just as with dreaming, he is aware of the false nature of an unreal life, even as he lives it. He now realizes that the people expecting gain from him do not actually exist, and that the deceptive beauty and attractions around him in fact consist of illusions. There is therefore no point in his thirsting for things that exist in this world or expending energy on any personal gains. He lives in a passing, transitory world and knows that his true life will begin after this one.

The writer Remez Sasson has this to say:

It is like a movie show. A person watching a movie gets so involved with the characters and with what happens on the screen. He may become happy or sad with the heroes, gets depressed, shouts or laughs. If at a particular moment he decides to stop watching the screen and manages to withdraw his attention from the movie, he gets snapped out of the illusion the movie creates. The projecting machine will go on projecting images on the screen, but he knows that it is only light projected through the film onto the screen. What is seen on the screen is not real, but yet it is there. He may watch the movie, or he may decide to close his eyes and ears and stop looking at the screen. Have you ever watched a movie, when at some point the reel got stuck or there was a power failure? What happens to you when you watch an interesting, absorbing film on the television and then suddenly there are commercials? You are snapped out of the illusion to the world around you.

When you are sleeping and dreaming, and someone wakes you up, you feel thrown out of one world to a different one. It is the same in the life we call reality. It is possible to wake up from it.2

People who wake on the Day of Resurrection are described in verses:

The Trumpet will be blown. That is the Day of the Threat. Every self will come together with a driver and a witness: “You were heedless of this, so We have stripped you of your covering, and today your sight is sharp.” (Surah Qaf, 20-22)

Reference: 1. http://www.cevaplar.org/index.php?khide=visible&sec=1&sec1=22&yazi_id=3828
2. Remez Sasson, “Reality Versus Imagination and Illusion,”
http://www.successconsciousness.com/index_000014.htm

What is Creativity

Posted: March 27, 2011 in Creativity
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Reference: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l0deXiIQSF0

What’s A Google ?

Posted: March 18, 2011 in General

When you hear the word Google the first image that comes to mind has to be the famous internet search engine but does the word actually mean anything ? Well the answer is a firm yes because it comes from the term “Googol” which represents a number (written as a 1 followed by 100 zeros) so large that it’s actually larger than the total number of atoms in the known universe.

As you might imagine the number is rarely used except maybe in theoretical and computational calculations, however the big question is whether a number bigger than a Googol exists ? Well funnily enough there is and it’s called a googolplex which would be a number 1 followed by, wait for it not one thousand zeros, not even one million zeros but a googol zeroes.

Getting confused ? Well you should be because this number is so large that it’s almost impossible to imagine and also impossible to write because doing so would require more space than the known universe provides. Absolutely mind boggling don’t you think!

Lastly for those of you that are interested in where this term actually came from, well it was popularized in the 1940’s by the american mathematician Edward Kasner who created it as a useful number when comparing unimaginably large numbers with infinity. Oh and the actual term “googol” was coined by his then 9 year old nephew Milton Sirotta, not bad for a 9 year old!

What is Creative Thinking?

Posted: March 12, 2011 in Creativity

Creative thinking is the process which we use when we come up with a new idea. It is the merging of ideas which have not been merged before. Brainstorming is one form of creative thinking: it works by merging someone else’s ideas with your own to create a new one. You are using the ideas of others as a stimulus for your own.

This creative thinking process can be accidental or deliberate.

Without using special techniques creative thinking does still occur, but usually in the accidental way; like a chance happening making you think about something in a different way and you then discovering a beneficial change. Other changes happen slowly through pure use of intelligence and logical progression. Using this accidental or logical progression process, it often takes a long time for products to develop and improve. In an accelerating and competitive world this is obviously disadvantageous.

Using special techniques, deliberate creative thinking can be used to develop new ideas. These techniques force the mergance of a wide range of ideas to spark off new thoughts and processes. Brainstorming is one of these special techniques, but traditionally it starts with unoriginal ideas.

Developments of products occur much more rapidly using these deliberate techniques than by accident. Many people known for being creative use these techniques, but are not aware they are doing so because they have not been formally trained in them. If you use these deliberate techniques during advanced brainstorming sessions then you too will be more creative.

With practice, ongoing creative thinking (the continuous investigation, questioning and analysis that develops through education, training and self-awareness) occurs all the time. Ongoing creativity maximizes both accidental and deliberate creative thinking. Ongoing creativity takes time and deliberate practice to become skillful at, but it’s surprising how quickly it becomes an attitude, not a technique.

The first step to take is to learn the creative thinking techniques so that you can deliberately use them to come up with new ideas. You will then be at an immediate advantage over those who don’t know how to use them. You should then practise the techniques to increase your skill at ongoing creative thinking. (After a while you may even find it unnecessary to use specific techniques because you may be having too many ideas anyway.)

 

Creativity

Posted: March 12, 2011 in Creativity

What is Creativity?

Creativity is the bringing into being of something which did not exist before, either as a product, a process or a thought.

You would be demonstrating creativity if you:

  • Invent something which has never existed before
  • Invent something which exists elsewhere but you are not aware of
  • Invent a new process for doing something
  • Reapply an existing process or product into a new or different market
  • Develop a new way of looking at something (bringing a new idea into existence)
  • Change the way someone else looks at somethingCreativity

In fact, we are all creative every day because we are constantly changing the ideas which we hold about the world about us. Creativity does not have to be about developing something new to the world, it is more to do with developing something new to ourselves. When we change ourselves, the world changes with us, both in the way that the world is affected by our changed actions and in the changed way that we experience the world.

Creativity can be used to make products, processes and services better and it can be used to create them in the first place. It is expected that increasing your creativity will help you, your organization and your customers become happier through improvements in your quality and quantity of output.